People with a wide variety of mental illnesses and emotional difficulties can benefit from psychotherapy or talk therapy. In addition to improving well-being and healing, psychotherapy can help eliminate or control troubling symptoms.
Psychotherapy is a collaborative therapeutic approach that can help with everyday problems, trauma and medical illnesses, loss, such as losing a loved one, and specific mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety. Some types of psychotherapy can be more effective than others depending on the issues or problems being treated. Psychotherapy may be used in conjunction with medication or other therapies.
What conditions or challenges does psychotherapy help manage?
Psychotherapy can help with a number of issues, including but not limited to:
- Difficulties in coping with daily life or medical conditions
- Lifestyle changes like acculturation, adjustment, relocation
- Trauma (physical or emotional)
- The death of a loved one and grief
- Marital or relationship issues
- Work-related or family issues
- Specific mental health conditions, such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), eating disorders, personality disorders and more.
- Difficulties with losing weight or quitting smoking
- Coping with acute or chronic illness, such as multiple sclerosis, cancer, stroke, chronic pain or an autoimmune disease
- Behavioral conditions, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), conduct disorder and more.
How does it work?
The goal of psychotherapy is to treat mental health issues through an evidence-based approach that is grounded in theory and skill-based dialogue. The therapist expects you to be actively involved in your sessions and be honest and open at all times, as this will benefit you and help in reframing your thoughts, feelings, and/or behaviour. The therapist/specialist may question your thoughts, assumptions, and perceptions or propose an alternate way of looking at or handling situations that can be different from yours and make you upset or disappointed. You can discuss your feeling with him/her in this case.
Each therapist generally draws on various psychological approaches depending on the problem and an evaluation of what will be beneficial to you. These include, but are not limited to, client-centred, psychodynamic, gestalt, cognitive-behavioural, schema therapy, dialectical behaviour therapy, eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing, art therapy, or psychoeducational. The psychologist/therapist’s scope of practice does not include medication. This will be availed as part of the services of a psychiatrist where deemed required.
What types of therapy and services are offered?
- Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
- Bereavement and grief counselling
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
- Couples therapy and pre-marital counselling
- Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
- Eclectic therapy
- Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
- Mindfulness-based stress reduction
- Motivational interviewing
- Schema therapy
- Somatic therapy